On this page, we will provide further informationes regarding our work. Here you’ll find short orientations about malaria, artemisinin and the Casamance

contents

  1. Malaria
  2. Malariaprophylaxis and Artemisinin
  3. Conflict region Casamance

Malaria

The World Health Organization has estimated that in 2010, there were 216 million cases of malaria. Around 655,000 people died from the disease, most of whom were children under the age of five. The actual number of deaths may be significantly higher, as precise statistics are unavailable in many rural areas, and many cases are undocumented. P. falciparum — responsible for the most severe form of malaria — causes the vast majority of deaths associated with the disease. Malaria is commonly associated with poverty, and can indeed be a cause of poverty and a major hindrance to economic development.

Despite a clear need, no vaccine offering a high level of protection currently exists. Efforts to develop one are ongoing. Several medications are available to prevent malaria in travelers to malaria-endemic countries (prophylaxis). A variety of antimalarial medications are available.
Sarsarale is engaging in the malaria prophylaxis in the Senegal region Casamence. In the region the malaria has not yet decreased, because the medications are not affortable for the people.

Malariaprophylaxis and Artemisinin:

Artemisinin also known as Qinghaosu and its derivatives are a group of drugs that possess the most rapid action of all current drugs against Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Treatments containing an artemisinin derivative (artemisinin-combination therapies, ACTs) are now standard treatment worldwide for P. falciparum malaria. The starting compound artemisinin is isolated from the plant Artemisia annua, sweet wormwood, an herb employed in Chinese traditional medicine. Sweet Wormwood was used by Chinese herbalists in ancient times to treat fever, but had fallen out of common use, but was rediscovered in 1970’s when the Chinese Handbook of Prescriptions for Emergency Treatments (340 AD) was found. This pharmacopeia contained recipes for a tea from dried leaves, prescribed for fevers (not specifically malaria).
In our garden in Kafountine we could establish a potent growth of Artemisia Annua. In cooperation with the local traditional doctor Sangjang we help the poor people to become a good malaria treatment.

Chemically, artemisinin is a sesquiterpene lactone containing an unusual peroxide bridge. This peroxide is believed to be responsible for the drug’s mechanism of action. Few other natural compounds with such a peroxide bridge are known.

Conflict region Casamance:

The Casamance Conflict is a low-level civil war that has been waged between the Government of Senegal and the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance (MFDC) since 1982 over the question of independence for the Casamance region.

Recent developments on December 21, 2011, Senegal media reported that 12 soldiers were killed in Senegal`s Casamance region following a separatist rebel attack on an army base near the town of Bignona.Three more soldiers were killed in an attack the Senegalese government blamed on separatists in the region on February 14, 2012. The attacks continued into March as four soldiers were killed and eight others injured in two separate incidents on the 11rd and 23rd.

On April 5 newly sworn-in President Macky Sall said that ensuring peace in the south would be a top priority for his administration in his first public speech since taking office. He also expressed confidence that the leaders of Gambia and Guinea-Bissau can be involved in the efforts to find a solution to the long-running conflict.
Under this conflict the people in the Casamance are suffering most.